专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责

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GRE essay開頭怎么寫?GRE考試Argument Essay開頭寫作攻略

 2021-03-12 11:22:17    专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责  

在從本科邁入研究生的道路上,必不可少的一項硬性指標就是GRE。GRE, 全稱Graduate Record Examination, 是世界各地大學研究生院校要求申請者提供的入學考試成績,分為Verbal/Math/Essay三個大項。

在從本科邁入研究生的道路上,必不可少的一項硬性指標就是GRE。GRE, 全稱Graduate Record Examination, 是世界各地大學研究生院校要求申請者提供的入學考試成績,分為Verbal/Math/Essay三個大項。

而在Essay中,又分為argument和issue专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责這兩大寫作任務。本系列將圍繞Argument展開。

 

 

作為GRE新手小白的你,可能會對以下問題感興趣:Argument的評分標準長啥樣?考試形式是什么?俗話說,萬事開頭難,那么Argument的第一段通常該如何下筆呢?

評分標準

GRE寫作滿分6分,Issue和Argument分開評分,再取平均值,以0.5分為一個檔次。一般偏理工科的學校,對學生的作文分數要求在3-3.5之間;對于人文社科類則略高,在4-4.5左右

相比于verbal和math而言,由于寫作技能和邏輯思維上的匱乏,作文一直是大部分中國學生的薄弱環節,歷年來的平均分數都在3分左右徘徊。想要打破所謂的3分魔咒,讓我們先從了解argument essay的考試形式開始。

考試形式

Argument Essay,俗稱駁論文,由1.議論文段 2.題目指示構成

學生將首先閱讀屏幕上的一段議論文,根據題目指示要求,找出這段話中的邏輯錯誤,并進行駁斥,最終寫成一篇文章,以證明原結論推理的不合理性。

01、議論文段

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责議論文段變化多種多樣,這里給大家看一個來自官方的舉例:

In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase. The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities.

02、題目指示

這里的題目指示,主要分為四大類 (Evidence/Question/Assumption/Explanation)专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责, 具體表現形式如下:

evidence 類:

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

question 類:

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

assumption 類:

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

explanation 類:

Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument.

這里需要注意的一點是,一定要區分不同的題目指示類別。問evidence的題目,就一定要指出所需要的論據;而問assumption的題目,則要正面討論各種有可能的假設,以此類推。千萬不要答非所問噢!

開頭段的寫法

下面留學生代寫為大家總結出argument開頭段的3個關鍵步驟

(1)梳理原議論文段的結論、論據

所謂議論文,一定有一個明確的論點,而在論點前后,必然有具體、詳盡的論據支持。在進行駁斥之前,我們必須要先讀懂題目中提供的議論文段。常規來說議論文段由一個論點 + 3個論據专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责構成。話不多說,我們用前文官方的例子給大家做一個示范:

論點:专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities. 市政府應投入大量資金以改造河邊的娛樂設施

論據1:专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. However, the Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits. Mason城的人很喜歡水上運動,但是流經城市的水流卻很少使用。

論據2:For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. 很多市民抱怨水流質量和氣味。

論據3:The state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase. 政府決定清理河道,所以用作水上運動的河流使用會增加。

(2)改寫原議論文段,概括argument

讀懂議論文段,并且找出1個論點+ 3個論據后,我們接下來要做的就是改寫,并概括這個argument。所謂改寫,要遵循的原則是“結構改變,語意不變”,范例如下:

According to the author, the city government should allocate increased funding to improve riverside recreational facilities due to a few reasons, including the city’s resident’s love of water sports, the harmful environmental condition, and the clean-up announcement. On account of the three reasons above, the author argues the Mason City government ought to devote more money to riverside recreational facilities.

(3)根據題目指示寫主旨句

在前文介紹題目指示的時候,我們已然重點強調過4大題目指示類型。當我們完成梳理+改寫過后,我們要正式提出自己的反駁主旨,用一個主旨句來統領全文。針對四大題目類型,小編貼心為你整理了四大主旨句的萬能模版,一起來看看吧!

Evidence類:

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责in order to fully evaluate this argument, we need to have a significant amount of additional evidence. The argument could end up being much weaker than it seems, or it might actually be quite valid. In order to make that determination, we need to know more then analyze what we learn.

舉例:

The following appeared in a memo from the director of student housing at Buckingham College. "To serve the housing needs of our students, Buckingham College should build a number of new dormitories. Buckingham's enrollment is growing and, based on current trends, will double over the next 50 years, thus making existing dormitory space inadequate. Moreover, the average rent for an apartment in our town has risen in recent years. Consequently, students will find it increasingly difficult to afford off-campus housing. Finally, attractive new dormitories would make prospective students more likely to enroll at Buckingham."
Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

在這里,結論是 Buckingham College should build a number of new dormitories,

論據包含

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责(1)“Buckingham's enrollment is growing…inadequate”;

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责(2)“the average rent for an apartment …to afford off-campus housing”

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责(3)“attractive new dormitories…to enroll at Buckingham.

而在題目指示上我們可以看出它屬于evidence類問法,在萬能模版的基礎上,我們可以考慮這樣寫主旨句:

In order to evaluate the recommendation, we need more information about the enrollment trend of Buckingham College, the exact rents of the off-campus housing, students’ financial background and how prospective students make their choices. We could analyze what we learn and then make the final decision.

注意:這里的 about 后有四個賓語,其中三個是名詞短語、最后一個是賓語從句。而后面的中間段則會按照這四個點展開來寫。

Question類:

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责To evaluate the soundness of the recommendation, we need to ask a number of questions related to different aspects of the arguments.

舉例:

The following appeared in a memo from the mayor of Brindleburg to the city council. Two years ago, the town of Seaside Vista opened a new municipal golf course and resort hotel. Since then, the Seaside Vista Tourism Board has reported a 20% increase in visitors. In addition, local banks reported a steep rise in the number of new business loan applications they received this year. The amount of tax money collected by Seaside Vista has also increased, allowing the town to announce plans to improve Seaside Vista's roads and bridges. We recommend building a similar golf course and resort hotel in Brindleburg. We predict that this project will generate additional tax revenue that the city can use to fund much-needed public improvements.
Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

這里的結論是“We recommend building a similar golf course and resort hotel in Brindleburg”,而論據則是 :

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责(1)a 20% increase in visitors & a steep rise in the number of new business

(2)announcement to improve infrastructure;

(3)generation of tax revenue

主旨句:

The mayor recommends the construction of a golf course and a resort hotel in town to generate more tax revenue for financing infrastructure improvements. By citing the example of the town Seaside Vista who made similar moves, he argues that the projects will attract more visitors, stimulate local business activities and help the local government collect more money. To evaluate the soundness of the recommendation, we need to ask a number of questions related to different aspects of the arguments, including the resources for tourism, the economic structure and the taxation policies of Brindleburg to evaluate the argument.

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责這里的“resources for tourism” 、“economic structure” 、“taxation policy of Brindleburg”就很好的一一對應了原議論文段里的論據。

Assumption 類:

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责A number of assumptions have been made explicitly or implicitly throughout the argument and we need to examine such assumptions critically to decide if the argument is convincing.

舉例:

The following appeared in a letter from a homeowner to a friend."Of the two leading real estate firms in our town—Adams Realty and Fitch Realty—Adams Realty is clearly superior. Adams has 40 real estate agents; in contrast, Fitch has 25, many of whom work only part-time. Moreover, Adams' revenue last year was twice as high as that of Fitch and included home sales that averaged $168,000, compared to Fitch's $144,000. Homes listed with Adams sell faster as well: ten years ago I listed my home with Fitch, and it took more than four months to sell; last year, when I sold another home, I listed it with Adams, and it took only one month. Thus, if you want to sell your home quickly and at a good price, you should use Adams Realty.
Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责在這里的結論是“if you want to sell your home quickly and at a good price, you should use Adams Realty”

而論據則為

(1)“Adams has 40 real estate agents; in contrast, Fitch has 25, many of whom work only part-time”

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责(2)“Adams' revenue last year was twice as high as that of Fitch”

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责(3)“Homes listed with Adams sell faster as well”

主旨句示例:

According to the friend of the homeowner, Adams is a better real estate firm and should be used in order to sell the home fast and get a good deal because it has more full-time agents, better home sales records. To assess this argument, we need to examine critically a number of assumptions about the workforce size and full-time or part-time mode, the average prices and the time required to sell a home.

這里的workforce size,average price和time required to sell a home,分別對應了論據中列出的三點,也是后文中我們重點攻擊的對象。

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责Explanation類:

There are a number of rival explanations that we need to explore before we can assess the strength of the argument.
Recently, butter has been replaced by margarine in Happy Pancake House restaurants throughout the southwestern United States. This change, however, has had little impact on our customers. In fact, only about 2 percent of customers have complained, indicating that an average of 98 people out of 100 are happy with the change. Furthermore, many servers have reported that a number of customers who ask for butter do not complain when they are given margarine instead. Clearly, either these customers do not distinguish butter from margarine or they use the term 'butter' to refer to either butter or margarine." Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument.

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责這里的結論是“replacing butter with margarine has had little impact on our customers”,

而論據則是

(1)only about 2 percent of customers have complained;

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责(2)servers report a number of customers who ask for butter do not complain when they are given margarine instead。

這里和上面的舉例不同,我們只能找到2個論據,但是主旨句的格式卻是一樣的,我們一起來看一看:

The business manager of HPH argues that replacing butter with margarine had little influence on their customers based on his interpretations and explanations of two observations: 1) only 2% of customers complained; 2) customers did not complain about the replacement according to the servers. There are a number of rival explanations that we need to explore before we can assess the strength of the argument.

當這步完成過后,我們根據對應的題目提示加在前面改寫好的議論文段后,GRE Argument Essay的開頭就完成啦!专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责怎么樣,一步步慢慢來,是不是沒有你想象中的那么難?

专业留学Essay,Assignment代写,毕业论文代写-rushmyessay,绝对靠谱负责原文鏈接:http://bestessaysite.org/writing-tips/600.html

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